Mechanical desorption of immobilized proteins using carbon dioxide aerosols for reusable biosensors
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- Mechanical desorption of immobilized proteins using carbon dioxide aerosols for reusable biosensors
- Singh, Renu; Hong, Seongkyeol; Jang, Jaesung
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, v.853, pp.588 - 595
- effective desorption of probe molecules. We present a novel mechanical desorption technique to reuse biosensors by using periodic jets of carbon dioxide (CO2) aerosols (a mixture of solid and gaseous CO2), and demonstrate its feasibility by removing physically adsorbed and covalently bonded fluorescent proteins i.e., Escherichia coli fluorescein isothiocyanate antibody and bovine serum albumin (E. coli FITC-Ab and FITC-BSA) from silicon chips. The proteins on the chip surfaces were measured by fluorescent images before and after applying the aerosols. The removal efficiency of the aerosol treatment was measured for various concentrations (1-20 mg mL(-1)) of E. coli FITC-Ab and FITC-BSA with two different removal cycles (5 and 11 cycles; each cycle: 8 s). We observed high removal efficiencies (>93.5% for physically adsorbed Ab and >84.6% for covalently bonded Ab) at 11 cycle aerosol treatment. This CO2 aerosol treatment did not undermine re-functionalization, which was confirmed by the fluorescent images of FITC-Abs for fresh and reused chips. Desorption of the immobilized layers was validated by Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analyses. We also conducted an experiment on the regeneration of E. coli sensing chips using this aerosol treatment, and the chips were re-used 5 times successfully. This mechanical desorption technique is a highly effective and novel strategy for reusable biosensors. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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