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Ko, Myunggon
Cancer Epigenetics Lab.
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TET family proteins are dispensable for the structure and physiological function of dopamine neurons in health and Parkinson’s disease

Lee, Byeong EunKim, Hye YunAn, JungeunKo, MyunggonKim, Jae-Ick
Issued Date
The 26th Annual Meeting of the Korean Society for Brain and Neural Sciences
DNA undergoes demethylation via the oxidation of 5-methylcytosine (5mC), which is mediated by the Ten Eleven Translocation (TET) family of proteins. Notably, 5hmC is higher in the brain than in other tissues and is dynamically regulated according to development, aging, and brain diseases. In addition, accumulating evidence has recently revealed that 5-hmC and TETs play a significant role in synaptic functions, anxiety, addiction, and cognition in several brain regions. Furthermore, TET enzymes have turned out to be essential for diverse types of neurons in health and brain disorders. In this study, by generating triple knockout (TKO) mice of TET family proteins (TET1, 2, and 3) selectively in dopamine (DA) neurons, we investigated the roles of TET proteins in the structure and the function of DA neurons, which are pivotal for voluntary movement, reward-related behaviors, and motivation. We revealed that DA neuron-specific TET1, 2, 3 TKO does not alter the cellular structure and survival of DA neurons. Furthermore, DA neurons from substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) show that intrinsic properties and synaptic transmission of DA neurons are unchanged by disruption of TET family proteins. Moreover, we revisited the pathophysiological importance of TET enzymes in Parkinson’s disease(PD) by utilizing pharmacological and genetic mouse models of PD. Against our expectation, however, we found that PD pathology induced by two types of PD models is unaffected by disruption of TET family proteins, which suggests that the role of TET family proteins in the pathophysiology of PD can be insignificant. Thus, contrary to the previous reports, TET family enzymes may be dispensable for the structure and function of specific neurons in health and disease.
한국뇌신경과학회(Korean Society for Brain and Neural Sciences)


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