Twist2, a novel ADD1/SREBP1c interacting protein, represses the transcriptional activity of ADD1/SREBP1c
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- Twist2, a novel ADD1/SREBP1c interacting protein, represses the transcriptional activity of ADD1/SREBP1c
- Lee, YS; Lee, HH; Park, Jiyoung; Yoo, EJ; Glackin, CA; Choi, YI; Jeon, SH; Seong, RH; Park, SD; Kim, JB
- Issue Date
- OXFORD UNIV PRESS
- NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH, v.31, no.24, pp.7165 - 7174
- Adipocyte determination and differentiation dependent factor 1 (ADD1)/sterol regulatory element binding protein isoform (SREBP1c) is a key transcription factor in fatty acid metabolism and insulin-dependent gene expression. Although its transcriptional and post-translational regulation has been extensively studied, its regulation by interacting proteins is not well understood. To identify cellular proteins that associate with ADD1/SREBP1c, we employed the yeast two-hybrid system with an adipocyte cDNA library. Using the N-terminal domain of ADD1/SREBP1c as bait, we identified Twist2 (also known as Dermo-1), a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein, as a novel ADD1/SREBP1c interacting protein. Over-expression of Twist2 strongly repressed the transcriptional activity of ADD1/SREBP1c, primarily by reducing its binding to target sequences. Inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity with HDAC inhibitors relieved this repression. Our data suggest that physical interaction between Twist2 and ADD1/SREBP1c attenuates transcriptional activation by ADD1/SREBP1c by inhibiting its binding to DNA, and that this inhibition is at least partly dependent on chromatin modification by HDACs.
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