Renal Na-myo-inositol cotransporter mRNA expression in Xenopus oocytes: Regulation by hypertonicity
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- Renal Na-myo-inositol cotransporter mRNA expression in Xenopus oocytes: Regulation by hypertonicity
- Kwon, H. Moo; Yamauchi, Atsushi; Uchida, Shinichi; Robey, Robert Brooks; Garcia-Perez, Arlyn; Burg., Maurice B.; Handler, Joseph S.
- Issue Date
- American Physiological Society
- AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY, v.260, no.2, pp.F258 - F263
- Canine renal cells in culture (MDCK cells) accumulate organic osmolytes, including myo-inositol (MI), in response to hypertonic stress. When medium tonicity is increased, intracellular concentration of MI rises because hypertonicity elicits increased uptake of MI via Na-MI cotransporter(s). To study the mechanism for this increase in cotransporter activity, poly(A)+ RNA isolated from MDCK cells maintained in hypertonic or isotonic medium was injected into Xenopus oocytes, and Na-dependent MI uptake was measured 3-5 days later. Poly(A)+ RNA from hypertonic cells induced clear expression of the cotransporter. In contrast, oocytes injected with poly(A)+ RNA isolated from MDCK cells maintained in isotonic medium exhibited cotransporter activity like oocytes injected with water. Upon size fractionation of RNA, peak activity appeared in a fraction that contained poly(A)+ RNA with median size of ~4 kilobases. Na-dependent MI uptake by poly(A)+ RNA-injected oocytes was inhibited by both phlorizin and phloretin. We suggest that hypertonicity-induced upregulation of the Na-MI cotransporter involves an increase in mRNA and synthesis of cotransporter protein(s).
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