Electrical immunosensor based on dielectrophoretically-deposited carbon nanotubes for detection of influenza virus H1N1
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- Electrical immunosensor based on dielectrophoretically-deposited carbon nanotubes for detection of influenza virus H1N1
- Singh, Renu; Sharma, Abhinav; Hong, Seongkyeol; Jang, Jaesung
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- ANALYST, v.139, pp.5415 - 5421
- The influenza virus has received extensive attention due to the recent H1N1 pandemics originating from swine. This study reports a label-free, highly sensitive, and selective electrical immunosensor for the detection of influenza virus H1N1 based on dielectrophoretically deposited single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). COOH-functionalized SWCNTs were deposited on a self-assembled monolayer of polyelectrolyte polydiallyldimethyl-ammonium chloride (PDDA) between two gold electrodes by dielectrophoretic and electrostatic forces, which resulted in reproducible, uniform, aligned, and aggregation-free SWCNT channels (2-10 μm in length). Avidin was immobilized onto the PDDA-SWCNT channels, and viral antibodies were immobilized using biotin-avidin coupling. The resistance of the channels increased with the binding of the influenza viruses to the antibodies. These immunosensors showed linear behavior as the virus concentration was varied from 1 to 104 PFU ml−1 along with a detection time of 30 min. The immunosensors with a 2 μm channel length detected 1 PFU ml−1 of the influenza virus accurately (R2 = 0.99) and selectively from MS2 bacteriophages. These immunosensors have the potential to become an important component of a point-of-care test kit that will enable a rapid clinical diagnosis.
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