Studies leading to potent, dual inhibitors of bcl-2 and Bcl-xL
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- Studies leading to potent, dual inhibitors of bcl-2 and Bcl-xL
- Bruncko, Milan; Oost, Thorsten K.; Belli, Barbara A.; Ding, Hong; Joseph, Mary K.; Kunzer, Aaron; Martineau, Darlene; McClellan, William J.; Mitten, Michael; ng, Shi-Chu Ng; Nimmer, Paul M.; Oltersdorf, Tilman; Park, Cheol-Min; Petros, Andrew M.; Shoemaker, Alexander R.; Song, Xiaohong; Wang, Xilu; Wendt, Michael D.; Zhang, Haichao; Fesik, Stephen W.; Rosenberg, Saul H.; Elmore, Steven W.
- IN-VIVO; CASPASE ACTIVATION; FAMILY PROTEINS; CELL-LINES; APOPTOSIS; DEATH; CANCER; LIFE; ANTAGONISTS; MECHANISMS
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, v.50, no.4, pp.641 - 662
- verexpression of the antiapototic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL provides a common mechanism through which cancer cells gain a survival advantage and become resistant to conventional chemotherapy. Inhibition of these prosurvival proteins is an attractive strategy for cancer therapy. We recently described the discovery of a selective Bcl-xL antagonist that potentiates the antitumor activity of chemotherapy and radiation. Here we describe the use of structure-guided design to exploit a deep hydrophobic binding pocket on the surface of these proteins to develop the first dual, subnanomolar inhibitors of Bcl-xL and Bcl-2. This study culminated in the identification of 2, which exhibited EC50 values of 8 nM and 30 nM in Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL dependent cells, respectively. Compound 2 demonstrated single agent efficacy against human follicular lymphoma cell lines that overexpress Bcl-2, and efficacy in a murine xenograft model of lymphoma when given both as a single agent and in combination with etoposide.
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