Simple and joint effects of gender and self-esteem on responses to same-sex sexual harassment
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- Simple and joint effects of gender and self-esteem on responses to same-sex sexual harassment
- Goldberg, C.; Zhang, Lu
- Responses to sexual harassment; Same-sex sexual harassment; Self-esteem and sexual harassment; Sexual harassment
- Issue Date
- SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
- SEX ROLES, v.50, no.11-12, pp.823 - 833
- In a sample of 431 white-collar professionals, we examined the impact of gender and self-esteem on individuals' intentions to seek legal counsel, confront the harasser, and make formal reports within the organization in response to approach-based same-sex sexual harassment. We hypothesized that gender, self-esteem, and their interaction would be related to assertive responses. All three hypotheses received support: men were more likely than women to respond assertively; self-esteem was positively related to response intentions; and self-esteem had a greater impact on men's responses than on women's responses. These results suggest that frameworks used to describe responses to cross-sex sexual harassment may not be adequate for same-sex sexual harassment. Post hoc analyses revealed that perceiving the behavior as harassment mediated the relationship between self-esteem and the responses to harassment, but did not mediate the relationships between gender and the responses to harassment. These findings contribute to the research on acknowledging sexual harassment.
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