Employees' perceptions of their leaders: Is being similar always better?
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- Employees' perceptions of their leaders: Is being similar always better?
- Goldberg, C.; Riordan, C.M.; Zhang, Lu
- Demographic similarity; Perceptions of leadership behaviors; Self-continuity; Status
- Issue Date
- SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
- GROUP & ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT, v.33, no.3, pp.330 - 355
- Using a sample of middle and upper level managers, the authors examined the effects of employee-supervisor demographic similarity on employees' perceptions of their supervisor's leadership ability. The authors also examined the moderating effects of individuals' needs for self-continuity and the status of the demographic groups on these relationships. Very little evidence was found for direct similarity effects. However, the authors found strong and consistent evidence that employees in high-status demographic groups exhibited a positive relationship between self-continuity and perceptions of their leaders when the leader was demographically similar, whereas employees in low-status demographic groups exhibited a negative relationship between self-continuity and perceptions of their leaders when the leader was demographically similar. Implications for social identity theory and relational demography research are discussed.
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