Mixed-Charge Nanocarriers Allow for Selective Targeting of Mitochondria by Otherwise Nonselective Dyes
Cited 0 times inCited 0 times in
- Mixed-Charge Nanocarriers Allow for Selective Targeting of Mitochondria by Otherwise Nonselective Dyes
- Kolygina, Diana, V; Siek, Marta; Borkowska, Magdalena; Ahumada, Guillermo; Barski, Piotr; Witt, Dariusz; Jee, Ah-Young; Miao, Han; Ahumada, Juan Carlos; Granick, Steve; Kandere-Grzybowska, Kristiana; Grzybowski, Bartosz A.
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ACS NANO, v.15, no.7, pp.11470 - 11490
- Targeted delivery of molecular cargos to specific organelles is of paramount importance for developing precise and effective therapeutics and imaging probes. This work describes a disulfide-based delivery method in which mixed-charged nanoparticles traveling through the endolysosomal tract deliver noncovalently bound dye molecules selectively into mitochondria. This system comprises three elements: (1) The nanoparticles deliver their payloads by a kiss-and-go mechanism. that is, they drop off their dye cargos proximate to mitochondria but do not localize therein; (2) - the dye molecules are by themselves nonspecific to any cellular structures but become so with the help of mixed-charge nanocarriers; and (3) the dye is engineered in such a way as to remain in mitochondria for a long time, up to days, allowing for observing dynamic remodeling of mitochondrial networks and long-term tracking of mitochondria even in dividing cells. The selectivity of delivery and long-lasting staining derive from the ability to engineer charge-imbalanced, mixed [+/-] on-particle monolayers and from the structural features of the cargo. Regarding the former, the balance of [+] and [-] ligands can be adjusted to limit cytotoxicity and control the number of dye molecules adsorbed onto the particles' surfaces. Regarding the latter, comparative studies with multiple dye derivatives we synthesized rationalize the importance of polar groups, long alkyl chains, and disulfide moieties in the assembly of fluorescent nanoconstructs and long-lasting staining of mitochondria. Overall, this strategy could be useful for delivering hydrophilic and/or anionic small-molecule drugs difficult to target to mitochondria by classical approaches.
- Appears in Collections:
- CHM_Journal Papers
- Files in This Item:
- There are no files associated with this item.
can give you direct access to the published full text of this article. (UNISTARs only)
Show full item record
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.