A Resonance Raman spectroscopic study on charge transfer enhancement in photosensitizers
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- A Resonance Raman spectroscopic study on charge transfer enhancement in photosensitizers
- Kim, Wang-Hyo; Mapley, Joseph, I; Roh, Deok-Ho; Kim, Jeong Soo; Yoon, So Yeon; Gordon, Keith C.; Kwon, Tae-Hyuk
- Issue Date
- MATERIALS TODAY ADVANCES, v.12, pp.100180
- The charge transfer (CT) properties of photosensitizers largely determine the photovoltaic performances of dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Thus, understanding the CT properties of photosensitizers is key to further improving the performances of DSSCs. We herein investigated the underlying relationship be-tween the molecular structures and CT properties of the photosensitizers using resonance Raman (RR) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. RR spectroscopy combined with DFT calculations showed that the presence of a triple bond (T-D1, T-D2, and T-D3) enhanced the degree of CT from the donor to the acceptor. In addition, the presence of electron donating groups (EDGs) on the donor (T-D2 and T-D3) further increased the CT properties of the donor. Moreover, DFT analysis based on the harmonic oscillator model of aromaticity revealed that the presence of a triple bond and an EDG increased the quinoidal character of the photosensitizer in the excited state. Finally, it was found that the degree of CT properties exhibited by each photosensitizer was in good agreement with the order of the DSSC performances. (c) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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