In Situ Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of MoS2 Formation on Graphene with a Deep-Learning Framework
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- In Situ Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of MoS2 Formation on Graphene with a Deep-Learning Framework
- Lee, Yeongdong; Lee, Jongyeong; Chung, Handolsam; Kim, Jaemin; Lee, Zonghoon
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ACS OMEGA, v.6, no.33, pp.21623 - 21630
- Atomic-scale information is essential for understanding and designing unique structures and properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials. Recent developments in in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) enable research to provide abundant insights into the growth of nanomaterials. In this study, 2D MoS2 is synthesized on a suspended graphene substrate inside a TEM column through thermolysis of the ammonium tetrathiomolybdate (NH4)(2)MoS4 precursor at 500 degrees C. To avoid misinterpretation of the in situ STEM images, a deep-learning framework, DeepSTEM, is developed. The DeepSTEM framework successfully reconstructs an object function in atomic-resolution STEM imaging for accurate determination of the atomic structure and dynamic analysis. In situ STEM imaging with DeepSTEM enables observation of the edge configuration, formation, and reknitting progress of MoS2 clusters with the formation of a mirror twin boundary. The synthesized MoS2/graphene heterostructure shows various twist angles, as revealed by atomic-resolution TEM. This deep-learning framework-assisted in situ STEM imaging provides atomic information for in-depth studies on the growth and structure of 2D materials and shows the potential use of deep-learning techniques in 2D material research.
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