From new hires to their supervisors: The influence of newcomer race/ethnicity on the leader–member exchange conveyance
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- From new hires to their supervisors: The influence of newcomer race/ethnicity on the leader–member exchange conveyance
- Zhang, Lu; Goldberg, Caren B.; McKay, Patrick F.
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
- The present study explored whether the leader–member exchange (LMX) transmission process from new hires to their supervisors varies by new hires' race/ethnicity on the basis of LMX, racial stereotyping literature and role theory. Data were collected from 336 new hires and their supervisors over their first 4 months of working for a financial services firm. We hypothesized that role clarity would mediate the linkage between new hires' early LMX and supervisors' later SLMX. We further posited a moderated mediation effect such that the indirect effect of newcomers' early LMX on supervisors' later SLMX through role clarity would be stronger among minority than among White new hires. Study results were largely supportive of our hypotheses. The hypothesized mediated pathway extended to job performance, indicating that early high‐quality relationship was associated with enhanced job performance as rated 4 months later. The research and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
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