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Kim, Guntae
GUNS Lab
Research Interests
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs)& SOE, metal-air batteries, ceramic membranes, PEMFC

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Oxidation-reduction behavior of La0.8Sr0.2ScyMn1-yO3 +/-delta (y=0.2, 0.3, 0.4): Defect structure, thermodynamic and electrical properties

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Title
Oxidation-reduction behavior of La0.8Sr0.2ScyMn1-yO3 +/-delta (y=0.2, 0.3, 0.4): Defect structure, thermodynamic and electrical properties
Author
Sengodan, SivaprakashAhn, SunghooShin, JeeyoungKim, Guntae
Keywords
Coulometric titration; Defect chemistry; Electrical conductivity; Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell; Oxygen non-stoichiometry
Issue Date
2012-11
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
SOLID STATE IONICS, v.228, no., pp.25 -
Abstract
Oxygen non-stoichiometry ofLa(0.8)Sr(0.2)Sc(y)Mn(1-y)O(3 +/-delta) (y = 0.2, 0.3, 0.4) oxide was studied by coulometric titration as a function of oxygen partial pressure, p(O-2), and temperature in a range of 923-1023 K. Depending on the Sc doping amount, p(O-2), and temperature, oxygen non-stoichiometry varies significantly. Under a reducing condition, La0.8Sr0.2ScyMn1-yO3 +/-delta shows both oxygen excess and oxygen deficient compositions. At the higher p(O-2) region, the oxygen excess composition is due to metal ion vacancies, whereas in the lower p(O-2) region, the oxygen deficient composition is due to the formation of oxygen vacancies. The experimental data were analyzed by a random defect model. Partial molar enthalpy and partial molar entropy of oxygen vacancy formation are calculated using the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation from the non-stoichiometric data. The electrical conductivity was measured as the function of the oxygen partial pressure and temperature. In the lower p(O-2) region, electrical conductivity strongly depends on the oxygen non-stoichiometry.
URI
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DOI
10.1016/j.ssi.2012.09.004
ISSN
0167-2738
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ECHE_Journal Papers
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