Two-terminal mechanical perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with transparent conductive adhesives
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- Two-terminal mechanical perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with transparent conductive adhesives
- Choi, In Young; Kim, Chan Ul; Park, Wonjin; Lee, Hyungmin; Song, Myoung Hoon; Hong, Kuen Kee; Seok, Sang Il; Choi, Kyoung Jin
- Issue Date
- Elsevier Ltd
- NANO ENERGY, v.65, pp.104044
- Herein, we demonstrate a novel two-terminal perovskite/silicon mechanical tandem solar cell, fabricated by bonding a silicon cell upside down on a perovskite cell using a transparent conductive adhesive (TCA). The TCA consists of Ag-coated poly(methyl 2-methylpropenoate) microparticles embedded in a polymer adhesive. The Ag microparticles serve as an electrical current path, and the polymer adhesive mechanically bonds two sub-cells. The specific contact resistance and transmittance of the TCA layer were determined to be 5.46 × 10−2 Ω∙cm2 and >97.0%, respectively. Through an optical simulation, the current of the perovskite top cell was predicted to match the current of the p-type Si bottom cell with an Al back-surface field (BSF) layer when the thickness of MAPbI3 was 150 nm. The tandem cell fabricated under the optimal current matching conditions exhibited a current density of 15.43 mA cm-2, an open-circuit voltage of 1.59 V, and a fill factor of 79%, resulting in a steady-state efficiency of 19.4%. To the best of our knowledge, our result is the highest efficiency among two-terminal mechanical perovskite/silicon tandem cells. The unique structure of this tandem cell facilitates an excellent long-term stability without encapsulation in humid environment.
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