Efficient Nanostructured TiO2/SnS Heterojunction Solar Cells
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- Efficient Nanostructured TiO2/SnS Heterojunction Solar Cells
- Yun, Hyun‐Sung; Park, Byung‐wook; Choi, Yong Chan; Im, Jino; Shin, Tae Joo; Seok, Sang Il
- Issue Date
- Wiley-VCH Verlag
- ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, pp.1901343
- Tin sulfide (SnS) is one of the most promising solar cell materials, as it is abundant, environment friendly, available at low cost, and offers long-term stability. However, the highest efficiency of the SnS solar cell reported so far remains at 4.36% even using the expensive atomic layer deposition process. This study reports on the fabrication of SnS solar cells by a solution process that employs rapid thermal treatment for few seconds under Ar gas flow after spin-coating a precursor solution of SnCl2 and thiourea dissolved in dimethylformamide onto a nanostructured thin TiO2 electrode. The best-performing cell exhibits power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.8% under 1 sun radiation conditions (AM1.5G). Moreover, secondary treatment using SnCl2 results in a significant improvement of 4.8% in PCE, which is one of the highest efficiencies among SnS-based solar cells, especially with TiO2 electrodes. The thin film properties of SnS after SnCl2 secondary treatment are analyzed using grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering, and high-resolution transmittance electron microscopy.
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