Rational design and synthesis of reversible covalent PPARγ antagonistic ligands inhibiting Ser273 phosphorylation
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- Rational design and synthesis of reversible covalent PPARγ antagonistic ligands inhibiting Ser273 phosphorylation
- Kim, Hyunsoo; Jo, Ala; Choi, Sun-sil; Nam, Hyunsung; Byun. Wan Gi; Bae, Hwan; Choi, Jang Hyun; Park, Seung Bum
- Issue Date
- Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KG
- ASIAN JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, v.8, no.9, pp.1698 - 1706
- Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) has been a major therapeutic target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, the use of PPAR gamma-targeting drugs such as rosiglitazone and pioglitazone has significantly declined due to adverse effects caused by their classical transcriptional agonism. Meanwhile, blocking the obesity-induced phosphorylation of PPAR gamma at Ser273 by Cdk5 has been proposed as the key to developing insulin-sensitizing effects of PPAR gamma-targeting drugs. In this study, we rationally designed and synthesized selective PPAR gamma phosphorylation inhibitor through a crystal structure-based approach. During this process, we observed a distinct degradation pattern of the anilinic cyanoacrylamide moiety via the spontaneous retro-aldol reaction. Thus, we developed a novel reversible covalent inhibitor of PPAR gamma phosphorylation, SB1495, containing aliphatic cyano-acrylamide, through systematic structural modification, in silico docking studies, time-dependent monitoring of stability in aqueous media, and in vitro kinase assay. We also demonstrated its inhibitory activity on PPAR gamma phosphorylation without classical transactivation in a cellular system as well as in an animal model.
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