Study on ductile mode machining of single-crystal silicon by mechanical machining
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- Study on ductile mode machining of single-crystal silicon by mechanical machining
- Choi, Da-Hee; Lee, Je-Ryung; Kang, Na-Ri; Je, Tae-Jin; Kim, Ju-Young; Jeon, Eun-Chae
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MACHINE TOOLS & MANUFACTURE, v.113, pp.1 - 9
- Nano patterns on single-crystal silicon are generally manufactured by photolithography, which can form limited cross-sectional shapes such as U-shapes or rectangular channels. Though V-shaped patterns are widely used in the optical industries because they concentrate light, they are challenging to manufacture by conventional photolithography. Mechanical machining is useful in manufacturing various kinds of cross-sectional shapes including V-shapes with various apex angles, but is hard to apply to single-crystal silicon due to its brittle fracture. Here we suggest a novel way of mechanical machining of single-crystal silicon that suppresses brittle fracture below the critical point (the ductile-brittle transition point) as determined by nano-scratch testing. We find that the first drop point of the cutting force corresponds to a critical point and define the critical forces as the thrust force and the cutting force at the critical point. The critical forces are varied by the applied force per unit length, which is the possibility that the cutting tool interacts with mechanically weak atomic bonds. When the applied force per unit length is zero (a general condition of mechanical machining), the cutting speed does not affect the variation of the critical forces or the quality of the machined pattern. Based on analysis of the experimental results, we suggest that the single-crystal silicon can be mechanically machined without brittle fracture at high cutting speed if the thrust force is smaller than the critical force of zero applied force per unit length.
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