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Cho, Gi-Hyoug
Sustainable Urban Plaaning and Design Lab
Research Interests
  • Urban Planning, Urban Design, Travel Behavior, Urban Heat Island , Spatial Analysis

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Association between intersection characteristics and perceived crash risk among school-aged children

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Title
Association between intersection characteristics and perceived crash risk among school-aged children
Author
Lee, GainPark, YunaKim, JeongseobCho, Gi-Hyoug
Issue Date
2016-12
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, v.97, pp.111 - 121
Abstract
This research examined how environmental attributes near intersections influence the perceived crash risk among school-aged children, which provides information on the potential risks of pedestrian crashes that can guide the development of proactive countermeasures. In a sample of 799 children aged 10–12 years old in Korea, the environmental attributes of intersections perceived as having a high risk of producing crashes near elementary schools were investigated using standard negative binomial and zero-inflated negative binomial models.The results showed that a higher number of student crossings, a wider road width, the presence of crosswalks, student-friendly facilities at the intersection, and four-way intersections were significant and positively associated with perceived crash risk among school-aged children. The findings related to building characteristics indicated that a higher number of entrances at an intersection increased the perceived crash risk while higher visibility at the intersection reduced the perception of risk. Associations with traffic-calming measures were weak,suggesting that the measures used in the study areas were not effective in reducing the perceived crash risk. The results of a police-reported crash model showed that school-aged children have a relatively accurate perception of crash risk and that the perceived crash risk of school-aged children may provide valuable information on the intersection characteristics in need of attention near school sites.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/20649
URL
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001457516303311
DOI
10.1016/j.aap.2016.09.001
ISSN
0001-4575
Appears in Collections:
UEE_Journal Papers
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