Sensitivity-to-diversity: a moderator of diversity - affective outcomes relationships
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- Sensitivity-to-diversity: a moderator of diversity - affective outcomes relationships
- Zhang, Lu; Goldberg, Caren
- Issue Date
- Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
- EQUALITY, DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION, v.33, no.6, pp.494 - 509
The purpose of this paper is to develop two new constructs - sensitivity to gender and race/ethnicity diversity - and examined how differences in these constructs moderate the diversity - affective outcomes relationships.
- A sample of 250 full-time employees completed an online survey on their sensitivity, workgroup diversity, and affective reactions toward their workgroups.
- The paper performed a construct validation of the new sensitivity to diversity measures and found that they were conceptually distinct from two existing diversity perceptual constructs - gender identity salience and pro-diversity belief. Furthermore, the authors found that the moderating effect of sensitivity to gender diversity on the relationship between gender diversity and perceived cohesiveness and workgroup commitment was stronger for women than for men. The authors also found that the moderating role of sensitivity to race/ethnicity diversity on the relationship between race/ethnicity diversity and workgroup commitment and satisfaction with coworkers varied by race/ethnicity.
- Although common method variance can be a problem, diagnostic tests indicated that it had minimal influence on the results.
- Organizations need to understand how individual differences among employees, especially among female and racial/ethnic minority employees, affect their responses to workgroup diversity and diversity initiatives.
- Prior research on diversity has generally not examined individual differences in the propensity to notice differences. This study contributes to the literature by examining the moderating roles of such important individual characteristics on the relationship between diversity and affective outcomes.
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