BROWSE

Related Researcher

Author's Photo

Seo, Yongwon
Advanced Clean Energy Lab (ACE Lab)
Research Interests
  • Gas Hydrates, Greenhouse Gas, Clean Energy

ITEM VIEW & DOWNLOAD

Evaluation of Hydrate Inhibition Performance of Water-soluble Polymers using Torque Measurement and Differential Scanning Calorimeter

Cited 0 times inthomson ciCited 0 times inthomson ci
Title
Evaluation of Hydrate Inhibition Performance of Water-soluble Polymers using Torque Measurement and Differential Scanning Calorimeter
Other Titles
토크 측정과 시차주사열량계를 이용한 수용성 고분자 화합물의 하이드레이트 저해 성능 평가
Author
Shin, KyuchulPark, JuwoonKim, JakyungKim, HyunhoLee, YohanSeo, YongwonSeo, Yutaek
Issue Date
2014-12
Publisher
한국화학공학회
Citation
KOREAN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH(HWAHAK KONGHAK), v.52, no.6, pp.814 - 820
Abstract
In this work, hydrate inhibition performance of water-soluble polymers including pyrrolidone, caprolactam, acrylamide types were evaluated using torque measurement and high pressure differential scanning calorimeter (HP μ-DSC). The obtained experimental results suggest that the studied polymers represent the kinetic hydrate inhibition (KHI) performance. 0.5 wt% polyvinylcaprolactam (PVCap) solution shows the hydrate onset time of 34.4 min and subcooling temperature of 15.9 K, which is better KHI performance than that of pure water - hydrate onset time of 12.3 min and subcooling temperature of 6.0 K. 0.5 wt% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) solution shows the hydrate onset time of 27.6 min and the subcooling temperature of 13.2 K while polyacrylamide-co-acrylic acid partial sodium salt (PAM-co-AA) solution shows less KHI performance than PVP solution at both 0.5 and 5.0 wt%. However, PAM-co-AA solution shows slow growth rate and low hydrate amount than PVCap. In addition to hydrate onset and growth condition, torque change with time was investigated as one of KHI evaluation methods. 0.5 wt% PVCap solution shows the lowest average torque of 6.4 N cm and 0.5 wt% PAM-co-AA solution shows the average torque of 7.2 N cm. For 0.5 wt% PVP solution, it increases 11.5 N cm and 5.0 wt% PAM-co-AA solution shows the maximum average torque of 13.4 N cm, which is similar to the average torque of pure water, 15.2 N cm. Judging from the experimental results obtained by both an autoclave and a HP μ-DSC, the PVCap solution shows the best performance among the KHIs in terms of delaying hydrate nucleation. From these results, it can be concluded that the torque change with time is useful to identify the flow ability of tested solution, and the further research on the inhibition of hydrate formation can be approached in various aspects using a HP μ-DSC. 본 연구에서는 토크 측정과 고압 시차주사 열량계를 이용하여 pyrrolidone, caprolactam, acrylamide 계열 수용성 고분자들의 하이드레이트 저해 성능을 평가하였다. 실험 결과, 세 종류의 고분자가 모두 동역학적인 하이드레이트 생성억제제 효과를 나타내는 것으로 확인되었으며, 특히 0.5 wt% polyvinylcaprolactam (PVCap)의 경우 34.4분의 하이드레이트 유도 시간, 15.9 K의 subcooling 성능을 보이며 12.3 분, 6.0 K의 순수 물 시스템보다 월등한 저해 성능을 나타내었다. 0.5 wt% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)의 경우 중간 정도의 저해 성능을 보였으며, polyacrylamide-co-acrylic acid partial sodium salt (PAM-co-AA)의 경우 각각 0.5 wt%와 5.0 wt%의 농도에서 미미한 하이드레이트 저해 성능을 보였다. 반면에 생성된 하이드레이트 입자의 성장속도와 생성 양에서는 PAM-co-AA가 PVCap과 더불어 가장 월등한 저해 효과를 나타내었다. 또 다른 주요 성능 평가 요소 중 하나인 토크 변화의 경우에는 PVCap이 평균 토크 6.4 N cm로 가장 좋은 성능을 보였으며, 0.5 wt%의 PAM-co-AA 시스템이 평균 7.2 N cm의 값으로 그 뒤를 이었다. 고압 시차주사 열량계를 이용한 수용성 고분자 물질의 저해 성능 평가 실험의 결과는 autoclave 실험의 결과와 유사하였다. PVCap을 첨가한 경우 하이드레이트가 생성되기까지의 유도시간이 가장 길어서 저해성능이 뛰어난 것을 확인하였다.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/9883
ISSN
0304-128X
Appears in Collections:
UEE_Journal Papers
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

find_unist can give you direct access to the published full text of this article. (UNISTARs only)

Show full item record

qrcode

  • mendeley

    citeulike

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

MENU