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Dai, Liming
Dr. Liming Dai's Group
Research Interests
  • Synthesis
  • Chemical modification
  • Device fabrication of functional polymers
  • Carbon nanomaterials for energy
  • Bio-related device applications

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Carbon nanotube arrays with strong shear binding-on and easy normal lifting-off

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Title
Carbon nanotube arrays with strong shear binding-on and easy normal lifting-off
Author
Qu, LiangtiDai, LimingStone, MorleyXia, ZhenhaiWang, Zhong Lin
Keywords
GECKO FOOT-HAIR; DRY ADHESIVES; MECHANICS; FRICTION; BIOLOGY; GROWTH; FORCE
Issue Date
2008-10
Publisher
AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
Citation
SCIENCE, v.322, no.5899, pp.238 - 242
Abstract
The ability of gecko lizards to adhere to a vertical solid surface comes from their remarkable feet with aligned microscopic elastic hairs. By using carbon nanotube arrays that are dominated by a straight body segment but with curly entangled top, we have created gecko-foot-mimetic dry adhesives that show macroscopic adhesive forces of ∼100 newtons per square centimeter, almost 10 times that of a gecko foot, and a much stronger shear adhesion force than the normal adhesion force, to ensure strong binding along the shear direction and easy lifting in the normal direction. This anisotropic force distribution is due to the shear-induced alignments of the curly segments of the nanotubes. The mimetic adhesives can be alternatively binding-on and lifting-off over various substrates for simulating the walking of a living gecko.
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DOI
10.1126/science.1159503
ISSN
0036-8075
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ECHE_Journal Papers
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