Controlling thermal deformation using a heat sink in laser transformation hardening of steel sheets
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- Controlling thermal deformation using a heat sink in laser transformation hardening of steel sheets
- Kim, Sanseo; So, Sangwoo; Ki, Hyungson
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
- JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, v.216, pp.455 - 462
- Experiments were conducted using a 3 kW diode laser on 2 mm thick boron steel and DP 590 dual phase steel specimens, and four types of heat sink were considered: stainless steel 316, steel, and copper, and no heat sink. Deflection angles were measured and microstructure distributions were analyzed. When a heat sink is used, thermal deformation can be significantly reduced to the point where the direction of deflection can be reversed, and a zero deflection regime exists between the two different deflection regimes. Two different thermal deformation mechanisms are involved, plastic deformation and deformation due to martensitic phase transformation, and between them a transition regime exists. Thermal deformation in not only the laser transformation hardening process but also general laser-based sheet metal manufacturing processes can be effectively controlled.
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