Object-based land cover classification using high-posting-density LiDAR data
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- Object-based land cover classification using high-posting-density LiDAR data
- Im, Jungho; Jensen, John R.; Hodgson, Michael E.
- CORRELATION IMAGE-ANALYSIS; SPECIES COMPOSITION; AERIAL-PHOTOGRAPHY; AIRBORNE LIDAR; LEAF-OFF; ACCURACY; TEXTURE
- Issue Date
- BELLWETHER PUBL LTD
- GISCIENCE & REMOTE SENSING, v.45, no.2, pp.209 - 228
- This study introduces a method for object-based land cover classification based solely on the analysis of LiDAR-derived information - i.e., without the use of conventional optical imagery such as aerial photography or multispectral imagery. The method focuses on the relative information content from height, intensity, and shape of features found in the scene. Eight object-based metrics were used to classify the terrain into land cover information: mean height, standard deviation (STDEV) of height, height homogeneity, height contrast, height entropy, height correlation, mean intensity, and compactness. Using machine-learning decision trees, these metrics yielded land cover classification accuracies > 90%. A sensitivity analysis found that mean intensity was the key metric for differentiating between the grass and road/parking lot classes. Mean height was also a contributing discriminator for distinguishing features with different height information, such as between the building and grass classes. The shape- or texture-based metrics did not significantly improve the land cover classifications. The most important three metrics (i.e., mean height, STDEV height, and mean intensity) were sufficient to achieve classification accuracies > 90%.
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