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Yoon, Dong Keun
Disaster Risk Management Laboratory
Research Interests
  • Policy and planning for disaster risk reduction

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Examining Factors Contributing to the Development of FEMA-Approved Hazard Mitigation Plans

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Title
Examining Factors Contributing to the Development of FEMA-Approved Hazard Mitigation Plans
Author
Yoon, Dong KeunYoungs Jr., G.A.Abe, D.
Issue Date
2012-09
Publisher
WALTER DE GRUYTER & CO
Citation
JOURNAL OF HOMELAND SECURITY AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT, v.9, no.2
Abstract
The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 requires local governments to complete pre-disaster mitigation plans, approved by FEMA, in order to be eligible for certain types of federal funding. Even with this requirement in place, many local jurisdictions in the U.S. have yet to adopt a FEMA-approved multi-hazard mitigation plan. Consequently, the percentage of a state's population covered by such plans varies substantially from state to state. This study examined staff resources, financial resources, and disaster experience of local governments by state as factors contributing to the development of FEMA-Approved Hazard Mitigation Plans. Indicators of these measures were gleaned from multiple nationwide data sets and each measure's relative importance was assessed via multiple regression analysis. Two measures of staff resources failed to affect the likelihood of completing approved hazard mitigation plans, while one measure of financial resources (Pre- Disaster Mitigation planning dollars per capita by state) and one measure of disaster experience (number of Presidential Disaster Declaration incidents per capita by state) had significant effects on the percentage of a state's population covered by approved plans. Implications for promoting the development of local governments' hazard mitigation plans are discussed.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/8222
DOI
10.1515/1547-7355.2010
ISSN
1547-7355
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UEE_Journal Papers
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