Reliable bursty convergecast in wireless sensor networks
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- Reliable bursty convergecast in wireless sensor networks
- Zhang, Hongwei; Arora, Anish; Choi, Young-Ri; Gouda, Mohamed G.
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- COMPUTER COMMUNICATIONS, v.30, no.13, pp.2560 - 2576
- We address the challenges of bursty convergecast in multi-hop wireless sensor networks, where a large burst of packets from different locations needs to be transported reliably and in real-time to a base station. Via experiments on a 49 MICA2 mote sensor network using a realistic traffic trace, we determine the primary issues in bursty convergecast, and accordingly design a protocol, RBC (for Reliable Bursty Convergecast), to address these issues: To improve channel utilization and to reduce ack-loss, we design a window-less block acknowledgment scheme that guarantees continuous packet forwarding and replicates the acknowledgment for a packet; to alleviate retransmission-incurred channel contention, we introduce differentiated contention control. Moreover, we design mechanisms to handle varying ack-delay and to reduce delay in timer-based retransmissions. We evaluate RBC, again via experiments, and show that compared to a commonly used implicit-ack scheme, RBC doubles packet delivery ratio and reduces end-to-end delay by an order of magnitude, as a result of which RBC achieves a close-to-optimal goodput.
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