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Seo, Yongwon
Advanced Clean Energy Lab (ACE Lab)
Research Interests
  • Gas Hydrates, Greenhouse Gas, Clean Energy

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Phase Behavior and C-13 NMR Spectroscopic Analysis of the Mixed Methane plus Ethane plus Propane Hydrates in Mesoporous Silica Gels

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Title
Phase Behavior and C-13 NMR Spectroscopic Analysis of the Mixed Methane plus Ethane plus Propane Hydrates in Mesoporous Silica Gels
Author
Lee, SeungminCha, InukSeo, Yongwon
Keywords
Dissociation temperature; Equilibrium curves; Experimental measurements; Guest molecules; Hydrate composition; Hydration number; Interfacial tensions; Mesoporous silica gel; NaCl concentration; NMR chemical shifts; NMR spectroscopic analysis; NMR spectrum; Pressure regions; Propane hydrate; Quantitative determinations; Water mixture
Issue Date
2010-11
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, v.114, no.46, pp.15079 - 15084
Abstract
In this study, the phase behavior and quantitative determination of hydrate composition and cage occupancy for the mixed CH4 + C 2H6 + C3H8 hydrates were closely investigated through the experimental measurement of three-phase hydrate (H)-water-rich liquid (LW)-vapor (V) equilibria and 13C NMR spectra. To examine the effect of pore size and salinity, we measured hydrate phase equilibria for the quaternary CH4 (90%) + C 2H6 (7%) + C3H8 (3%) + water mixtures in silica gel pores of nominal diameters of 6.0, 15.0, and 30.0 nm and for the quinary CH4 (90%) + C2H6 (7%) + C 3H8 (3%) + NaCl + water mixtures of two different NaCl concentrations (3 and 10 wt %) in silica gel pores of a nominal 30.0 nm diameter. The value of hydrate-water interfacial tension for the CH4 (90%) + C2H6 (7%) + C3H8 (3%) hydrate was found to be 47 ± 4 mJ/m2 from the relation of the dissociation temperature depression with the pore size of silica gels at a given pressure. At a specified temperature, three-phase H-LW-V equilibrium curves of pore hydrates were shifted to higher pressure regions depending on pore sizes and NaCl concentrations. From the cage-dependent 13C NMR chemical shifts of enclathrated guest molecules, the mixed CH4 (90%) + C2H6 (7%) + C3H8 (3%) gas hydrate was confirmed to be structure II. The cage occupancies of each guest molecule and the hydration number of the mixed gas hydrates were also estimated from the 13C NMR spectra.
URI
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DOI
10.1021/jp108037m
ISSN
1520-6106
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