What and how much to gain by spectrum agility?
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- What and how much to gain by spectrum agility?
- Chou, Chun-Ting; N, Sai Shankar; Kim, Hyoil; Shin, Kang G.
- Cognitive radios; Programmable wireless networks; Spectrum agility
- Issue Date
- IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
- IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, v.25, no.3, pp.576 - 588
- Static spectrum allocation prohibits radio devices from using spectral bands designated for others. As a result, some bands are under-utilized while other bands are over-populated with radio devices. To remedy this problem, the concept of spectrum agility has been considered so as to enable devices to opportunistically utilize others' spectral bands. In order to help realize this concept, we establish an analytical model to derive performance metrics, including spectrum utilization and spectrum-access blocking time in spectral-agile communication systems. We then propose three basic building blocks for spectral-agile systems, namely spectrum opportunity discovery, spectrum opportunity management, and spectrum usage coordination, and develop protocols for each blocks. These protocols are integrated with the IEEE 802.11 protocol, and simulated using ns-2 to evaluate the protocol overhead. The simulation results show that our proposed protocols can improve the throughput of an IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN by 90% for the simulated scenarios, and the improvements matched well our analytical model. These results demonstrate the great potential of using spectrum agility for improving spectral utilization in an efficient, distributed, and autonomous manner.
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