Microstructure design of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
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- Microstructure design of lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
- Lee, Sukbin; Key, T. S.; Liang, Z.; Garcia, R. E.; Wang, S.; Tricoche, X.; Rohrer, G. S.; Saito, Y.; Ito, C.; Tani, T.
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, v.33, no.2, pp.313 - 326
- Computational and experimental methodologies are integrated into a novel combined technique to define microstructure design criteria and maximize the properties of rhombohedral Bi 0.5Na 0.4K 0.1TiO 3, from untextured (1 MRD), d 33 = 155pC/N, to textured (4.41 MRDs), d 33 = 227pC/N. Two-dimensional orientation maps obtained using electron backscatter diffraction on sequential parallel layers are used to computationally reconstruct three-dimensional samples, simulate the local piezoelectric grain interactions, and thus demonstrate that superior lead-free piezoelectric microstructures can be fabricated by engineering its associated crystallographic and polarization texture. Computer-generated material representations, based on the experimentally determined microstructures, were used to simulate the crystallographic orientation of each grain, as function a macroscopic polarization and crystallographic texture. Computer-generated material representations, based on the experimentally determined microstructures, were used to simulate the crystallographic orientation of each grain, as function a macroscopic polarization and crystallographic texture. The method takes advantage of the anisotropy of the properties of the underlying single-crystal phases and delivers a guide to search for material anisotropy |microstructure parameters that are optimal in piezoelectric performance and reliability, and thus establish practical links between structure and macroscopic length scales.
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