Investigation of the depolarisation transition in Bi-based relaxor ferroelectrics
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- Investigation of the depolarisation transition in Bi-based relaxor ferroelectrics
- Woodward, David I.; Dittmer, Robert; Jo, Wook; Walker, David; Keeble, Dean S.; Dale, Matthew W.; Roedel, Juergen; Thomas, Pam A.
- Broad temperature ranges; Displacive phase transitions; Electrical poling; Freezing temperatures; Orders of magnitude; Relaxor ferroelectric; Room temperature; Structural methods
- Issue Date
- AMER INST PHYSICS
- JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, v.115, no.11, pp. -
- The loss of macroscopic polarisation in relaxor ferroelectric (Na0.8K0.2)(1/2)Bi1/2TiO3 ceramics doped with BiZn1/2Ti1/2O3 has been studied by electrical and structural methods. These indicate that the phenomena that are coupled in a displacive phase transition are not necessarily coupled in the depolarisation of Na1/2Bi1/2TiO3-based relaxors and a concept of correlated and uncorrelated switching of dipoles within adjacent unit cells is used to explain this. Second harmonic generation performed on poled ceramics during heating yields values of the freezing temperature and shows a broad temperature range of similar to 100 degrees C across which the structure changes from field-induced ferroelectric to an equilibrium-state ergodic relaxor. Electrical poling at room temperature causes poled regions to increase in size by similar to 2 orders of magnitude. A model illustrating the main steps in thermal depolarisation is described that does not require a phase transition to take place on a unit cell level.
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