Lead-free piezoceramics with giant strain in the system Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-K0.5Na0.5NbO3. I. Structure and room temperature properties
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- Lead-free piezoceramics with giant strain in the system Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-K0.5Na0.5NbO3. I. Structure and room temperature properties
- Zhang, Shan-Tao; Kounga, Alain Brice; Aulbach, Emil; Granzow, Torsten; Jo, Wook; Kleebe, Hans-Joachim; Roedel, Juergen
- ZIRCONATE-TITANATE CERAMICS; FREE PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMICS; PHASE-TRANSITION; BEHAVIOR
- Issue Date
- AMER INST PHYSICS
- JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, v.103, no.3, pp. -
- Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, (1-x-y)Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-xBaTiO(3)-yK(0.5)Na(0.5)NbO(3) (0.05 <= x <= 0.07 and 0.01 <= y <= 0.03), have been synthesized by a conventional solid state sintering method. The room temperature ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of these ceramics were studied. Based on the measured properties, the ceramics were categorized into two groups: group I compositions having dominant ferroelectric order and group II compositions displaying mixed ferroelectric and antiferroelectric properties at room temperature. A composition from group II near the boundary between these two groups exhibited a strain as large as similar to 0.45% at an electric field of 8 kV/mm. Polarization in this composition was not stable in that the piezoelectric coefficient d(33) at zero electric field was only about 30 pm/V. The converse piezoelectric response becomes weaker when the composition deviated from the boundary between the groups toward either the ferroelectric or antiferroelectric compositions. These results were rationalized based on a field induced antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition.
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