Wetting transition and optimal design for microstructured surfaces with hydrophobic and hydrophilic materials
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- Wetting transition and optimal design for microstructured surfaces with hydrophobic and hydrophilic materials
- Park, Chan Ick; Jeong, Hoon Eui; Lee, Sung Hoon; Cho, Hye Sung; Suh, Kahp Y.
- Capillary force; Microstructure; Polymer; Replica molding; Soft lithography; Wetting transition
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE, v.336, no.1, pp.298 - 303
- We present wetting transition of a water droplet on microstructured polymer surfaces using materials with different hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity: hydrophobic polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) (θwater ∼ 110°) and hydrophilic Norland Optical Adhesive (NOA) (θwater ∼ 70°). The microstructures were fabricated by replica molding and self-replication with varying pillar geometry [diameter: 5 μm, spacing-to-diameter ratio (s/d): 1-10 (equal interval), height-to-diameter ratio (h/d): 1-5] over an area of 100 mm2 (10 mm × 10 mm). Measurements of contact angle (CA) and contact angle hysteresis (CAH) demonstrated that wetting state was either in the homogeneous Cassie regime or in the mixed regime of Cassie and Wenzel states depending on the values of s/d and h/d. These two ratios need to be adjusted to maintain stable superhydrophobic properties in the Cassie regime; s/d should be smaller than ∼7 (PDMS) and ∼6 (NOA) with h/d being larger than ∼2 to avoid wetting transition by collapse of a water droplet into the microstructure. Based on our observations, optimal design parameters were derived to achieve robust hydrophobicity of a microstructured surface with hydrophobic and hydrophilic materials.
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