Role of CD44 in activation-induced cell death: CD44-deficient mice exhibit enhanced T cell response to conventional and superantigens
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- Role of CD44 in activation-induced cell death: CD44-deficient mice exhibit enhanced T cell response to conventional and superantigens
- McKallip, RJ; Do, Yoonkyung; Fisher, MT; Robertson, JL; Nagarkatti, PS; Nagarkatti, M
- Apoptosis; Cell surface molecules; Transgenic/knockout
- Issue Date
- OXFORD UNIV PRESS
- INTERNATIONAL IMMUNOLOGY, v.14, no.9, pp.1015 - 1026
- T cells upon activation are known to up-regulate CD44 expression. However, the precise function of CD44 on activated T cells is not clear. In this report, we demonstrate that signaling through CD44 plays an important role in activation-induced cell death (AICD). CD44 knockout (KO) mice had an elevated in vivo primary and in vitro secondary response to challenge with conalbumin, anti-CD3 mAb and staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA), which correlated with reduced AICD when compared to CD44 wild-type mice. In addition, CD44 KO mice exhibited increased delayed-type hypersensitivity response to dinitrofluorobenzene. In a model examining in vitro AICD, splenocytes from CD44 KO mice showed resistance to TCR-mediated apoptosis when compared to splenocytes from CD44 wild-type mice. In addition, signaling through CD44 led to increased apoptosis in TCR-activated but not resting T cells from CD44 wild-type mice without affecting Fas expression. Injection of SEA into mice deficient in CD44 and Fas (CD44 KO/lpr) led to an increased primary response when compared to mice that expressed CD44 but not Fas (CD44 WT/lpr), suggesting that the enhanced response to SEA was dependent on CD44 but not Fas expression. Administration of anti-CD44 mAb into CD44 wild-type mice caused a significant decrease in antigen-specific T cell response. Together, these data implicate CD44 as an important regulator of AICD in T cells. Furthermore, targeting CD44 in vivo may constitute a novel approach to induce apoptosis in activated T cells, and therefore to treat autoimmune diseases, allograft rejection and graft versus host disease.
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