Preparation of high loading Pt nanoparticles on ordered mesoporous carbon with a controlled Pt size and its effects on oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation reactions
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- Preparation of high loading Pt nanoparticles on ordered mesoporous carbon with a controlled Pt size and its effects on oxygen reduction and methanol oxidation reactions
- Joo, Sang Hoon; Kwon, Kyungjung; You, Dae Jong; Pak, Chanho; Chang, Hyuk; Kim, Ji Man
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, v.54, no.24, pp.5746 - 5753
- A series of ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) supported Pt (Pt/OMC) catalysts with a controlled Pt size from 2.7 to 6.7 nm at high Pt loading around 60 wt.% have been prepared and their electrocatalytic activities for the electrode reactions relevant to the direct methanol fuel cells have been investigated. The Pt/OMC catalysts with a high dispersion (Pt size around 3 nm) could be prepared by the use of a modified, sequential impregnation-reduction method. The Pt/OMC catalysts containing larger Pt particles were obtained by increasing reduction temperature under hydrogen flow and Pt loading, and by performing impregnation-reduction in a single cycle. The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) activities of Pt/OMC catalysts as a function of Pt size were investigated at room temperature in 0.1 M HClO4 and (0.1 M HClO4 + 0.5 M methanol), respectively. The specific activity of Pt/OMC for ORR steeply increased up to 3.3 nm and became independent of Pt size from 3.3 to 6.7 nm, and the mass activity curve exhibited maximum activity at 3.3 nm. The MOR activity of Pt/OMC also exhibited the similar trend with the ORR activity, as the maximum of mass activity was also found at 3.3 nm. The results of the present work indicate that the Pt catalysts of ca. 3 nm is an optimum particle size for both ORR and MOR, and this information may be translated into design of high performance membrane electrode assembly.
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