A myriad of metal ions and organic linkers can be used to produce metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with varied functionalities, porosities, and dimensionalities. Such diversity has garnered significant research interest, particularly in leveraging MOFs as proton conductors for fuel cells. One effective approach involves introducing guest molecules into MOF pores. These molecules serve either as proton carriers or as proton-conducting media through potential hydrogen bonding networks. This review offers an organized overview of key methodologies historically employed to achieve superprotonic conductivity in MOFs. The article systematically categorizes these tactics into three primary groups: guest molecule encapsulation, modulation at metal-coordination sites, and ligand functionalization. We succinctly discuss the roles of proton carriers, conducting media, and the overall MOF framework, emphasizing the significance of each strategy's application. In conclusion, we provide insights into the future development of MOFs as proton conductors, rooted in the categorization and conceptual understanding of these strategies.