JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v.128, no.22, pp.e2023JD039
Studies have shown that regional climate models (RCMs) can simulate local climates at a higher resolution for specific regions compared to global climate models (GCMs), making dynamic downscaling using RCMs a more effective approach. Therefore, RCMs have become valuable tools for evaluating the potential impacts of climate change on specific regions and for informing local adaptation strategies. To fully understand the added value (AV) of RCMs, it is essential to understand how the characteristics differ between land and ocean. The complex topography of East Asia, including land and sea, makes it a suitable region for evaluating the AV of RCMs. In this study, we compared two regional simulations that integrated the same RCMs but employed different GCMs from the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment for their ability to simulate storm tracks in East Asia. The results of the RCMs for the period from 1982 to 2005 were compared with their host Coupled Model Intercomparison Project GCM projections and high-resolution reanalysis. In mountainous regions, the AV of the RCMs weakened the bias of the GCM and improved its agreement with the reanalysis due to the dynamical process near the high-resolution topography. In plains and coastal areas, owing to the increase in horizontal resolution and clearly determined coastline in RCMs, small-scale phenomena are well represented, and the storm track of RCMs shows similar values to that of the GCM in maritime regions. This study demonstrates the value of RCMs for improving the accuracy of climate projections in East Asia, informing adaptation strategies, and enhancing climate research.