HPLC and MALDI-TOF MS analysis of highly branched polystyrene: Resolution enhancement by branching
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- HPLC and MALDI-TOF MS analysis of highly branched polystyrene: Resolution enhancement by branching
- Im, K; Park, Soojin; Cho, D; Chang, T; Lee, K; Choi, N
- GRADIENT INTERACTION CHROMATOGRAPHY; FLIGHT MASS-SPECTROMETRY; LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY; SYNTHETIC-POLYMERS; FUNCTIONAL DENDRIMERS; POLYISOPRENE; COPOLYMER
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, v.76, no.9, pp.2638 - 2642
- Temperature gradient interaction chromatography (TGIC) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) were applied for the characterization of highly branched polystyrenes (PS) prepared by linking living polystyryl anions using 4-chlorodimethylsilylstyrene. Reversed-phase (RP)-TGIC showed an unexpectedly high resolution according to the number of branches despite significant overlap of the molecular weight as confirmed by MALDI-TOF MS. The enhancement of the resolution is ascribed to the contribution of the nonpolar groups in the branched PS: the dimethylsilyl groups in the branching unit as well as the see-butyl initiator groups. As the number of branches increases, the number of nonpolar groups increases, which in turn increases the RP-TGIC retention synergistically with increasing molecular weight. In contrast, a poorer resolution was found in normal-phase-TGIC, in which the nonpolar groups reduce the retention. The resolution in RP-TGIC appears superior to that of liquid chromatography at the chromatographic critical condition (LCCC) of PS. It is seemingly due to the synergistic contribution of the incremental PS molecular weight to the functionality in the branched PS in RP-TGIC while only the functionality contributes to the separation in LCCC. This type of resolution enhancement could be utilized efficiently for the analysis of highly branched polymers such as dendrimers or hyperbranched polymers.
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