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Kim, Seong-Jin
Bio-inspired Advanced Sensors Lab.
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A VCO-Based 2nd-Order ∆2–∆∑ Modulator for Small-Size High Energy-Efficient Current Sensing Front-End

Park, Jee-HoCha, Ji-HyoungPark, YongjaeKim, Seong-Jin
Issued Date
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Letters, v.6, pp.93 - 96
In this letter, a 2nd-order Δ 2-Δ\Σ modulator consisting of a voltage-controlled-oscillator-based quantizer (VCOQ) and a current digital-to-analog converter (DAC) with a pulse width modulator (PWM) is presented for the precise acquisition of a wide-range photocurrent in an area-and energy-efficient form factor. The proposed Δ 2-modulation realized by the 2nd-order infinite impulse response (IIR) filter on the feedback significantly attenuates the magnitude of input signals, enhancing the DR and linearity. Moreover, an additional differentiator followed by the VCOQ features the negative feedback loop in the 2nd-order Δ\Σ modulator, improving noise shaping with no additional current DAC noise. In addition, a 1-bit PWM current DAC substituting the multibit current DAC is devised to mitigate the noise from the current DAC, realizing the high resolution of 1 pA with 500-Hz bandwidth. The prototype chip fabricated in a 110-nm CMOS occupies 0.0308 mm2 and achieves Walden FoM of 4.15 pJ/conv.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keyword (Author)
Analog-to-digital converter (ADC)delta-sigma (Iδσ) modulationphotocurrent sensorpulse width modulator (PWM) current digital-to-analog converter (DAC)VCO-based ADC


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