Change of membrane performance due to chlorination of crosslinked polyamide membranes
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- Change of membrane performance due to chlorination of crosslinked polyamide membranes
- Kwon, Young-Nam; Tang, Chuyang Y.; Leckie, James O.
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, v.102, no.6, pp.5895 - 5902
- A systematic investigation of the relationship between chlorine exposure of a thin film composite crosslinked polyamide membrane (LE membrane, FilmTec (c)) and changes in membrane performance (water flux and salt rejection) is discussed here. Performance change of crosslinked polyamide membranes due to chlorination depended on pH and concentration of chlorine in the soaking bath. Membranes chlorinated at low pH and high chlorine concentration showed flux decreases at an early stage of filtration and then increases with filtration time. On the other hand, membranes chlorinated at high pH and low chlorine concentration showed flux increases at an early stage and then decreases with filtration time. Performance of chlorinated polyamide membranes was determined by the balance between rearrangement of polymer chains and the distortion of the chains due to chlorination. A conceptual model of performance change was proposed consistent with the chlorination of polyamide membranes.
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