Heteroepitaxy of AlGaN on bulk AlN substrates for deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes
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- Heteroepitaxy of AlGaN on bulk AlN substrates for deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes
- Ren, Z; Sun, Q.; Kwon, Soon-Yong; Han, J.; Davitt, K.; Song, Y. K; Nurmikko, A. V; Cho, H.-K; Liu, W.; Smart, J. A; Schowalter, L. J.
- Controlled growth; Elastic surface roughening; Heteroepitaxial nucleation; Stressor interlayers
- Issue Date
- AMER INST PHYSICS
- APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, v.91, no.5, pp.1 - 3
- The authors report the growth of AlGaN epilayers and deep ultraviolet (UV) light emitting diodes (LEDs) on bulk AlN substrates. Heteroepitaxial nucleation and strain relaxation are studied through controlled growth interruptions. Due to a low density of preexisting dislocations in bulk AlN, the compressive strain during AlGaN heteroepitaxy cannot be relieved effectively. The built-up of strain energy eventually induces either an elastic surface roughening or plastic deformation via generation and inclination of dislocations, depending on the stressor interlayers and growth parameters used. AlGaN LEDs on bulk AlN exhibit noticeable improvements in performance over those on sapphire, pointing to a promising substrate platform for III-nitride UV optoelectronics.
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