Enhanced reducibility of ceria-YSZ composites in solid oxide electrodes
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- Enhanced reducibility of ceria-YSZ composites in solid oxide electrodes
- Kim, Guntae; Vohs, John M.; Gorte, R.J.
- FUEL-CELLS; REDOX PROPERTIES; DOPED CERIA; ZIRCONIA; OXIDATION; STABILITY; FILMS; ALPHA-AL2O3(0001); PERFORMANCE; FABRICATION
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, v.18, no.20, pp.2386 - 2390
- Composites prepared by infiltration of 50- wt% ceria into porous YSZ were investigated for use as H2-H2O electrodes for solid oxide electrolyzers (SOE) or fuel cells (SOFC). Cells prepared from these composites showed excellent performance, with SOFC power densities as high as 1.1 W cm -2 at 1073 K. Further investigations into the electrodes showed that they had significantly higher conductivities than would be expect for a material that was only 35 vol% ceria, as high as 0.25 S cm-1 at 1073 in 3% H2O-97% H2 mixtures. An investigation into the thermodynamic redox properties of the composite using coulometric titration at 973 K indicated that the ceria in the composite remained significantly reduced to higher P(O2) compared to pure ceria, probably due to interactions at the ceria-YSZ interface.
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