MOLECULAR-CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF RGA1 ENCODING A G-PROTEIN ALPHA-SUBUNIT FROM RICE (ORYZA-SATIVA L IR-36)
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- MOLECULAR-CLONING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF RGA1 ENCODING A G-PROTEIN ALPHA-SUBUNIT FROM RICE (ORYZA-SATIVA L IR-36)
- SEE, HS; KIM, HY; JEONG, JY; LEE, SY; Cho, Moo Je; BAHK, JD
- ADP-ribosylation; G protein α subunit; inclusion body; rice; signal transduction
- Issue Date
- PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, v.27, no.6, pp.1119 - 1131
- A cDNA clone, RGA1, was isolated by using a GPA1 cDNA clone of Arabidopsis thaliana G protein α subunit as a probe from a rice (Oryza sativa L. IR-36) seedling cDNA library prepared from roots and leaves. Sequence analysis of genomic clone reveals that the RGA1 gene has 14 exons and 13 introns, and encodes a polypeptide of 380 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 44.5 kDa. The encoded protein exhibits a considerable degree of amino acid sequence similarity to all the other known G protein α subunits. A putative TATA sequence (ATATGA), a potential CAAT box sequence (AGCAATAC), and a cis-acting element, CCACGTGG (ABRE), known to be involved in ABA induction are found in the promoter region. The RGA1 protein contains all the consensus regions of G protein α subunits except the cysteine residue near the C-terminus for ADP-ribosylation by pertussis toxin. The RGA1 polypeptide expressed in Escherichia coli was, however, ADP-ribosylated by 10 μM [adenylate-32P] NAD and activated cholera toxin. Southern analysis indicates that there are no other genes similar to the RGA1 gene in the rice genome. Northern analysis reveals that the RGA1 mRNA is 1.85 kb long and expressed in vegetative tissues, including leaves and roots, and that its expression is regulated by light.
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