Laminar morphology development using hybrid EVOH-nylon blends
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- Laminar morphology development using hybrid EVOH-nylon blends
- Lee, Sang-Young; Kim, S.C.
- Hybrid dispersed phases; Laminar morphology; Oxygen and toluene barrier properties; Tensile properties
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, v.67, no.12, pp.2001 - 2014
- Properties of blends having two types of hybrid dispersed phases as laminar morphology were investigated. The hybrid dispersed phases were prepared by preblending nylon and ethylene-vinyl alcohol (EVOH) in solid state (E + N) and in melt state (E/N). Oxygen and toluene barrier properties through the hybrid-dispersed phases in low-density polyethylene (LDPE) matrix were analyzed considering the morphological changes (number and size of layers). Oxygen barrier properties of the blends of LDPE E + N hybrid dispersed phase having separate domains of nylon and EVOH were found to be linearly dependent on EVOH composition in the blend, but toluene barrier properties of the blends exhibited negative deviation. The other hybrid dispersed phase (E/N) in LDPE matrix, having comingled dispersed phase of nylon and EVOH, exhibited positive deviations in both oxygen and toluene barrier properties. Tensile properties also showed positive deviation. Basic studies on the melt blend (E/N) of EVOH and nylon 6 showed some miscibility, which was revealed from melting point depression, and positive deviation in complex viscosity and tensile properties of the blend.
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