SiO2 ceramic nanoporous substrate-reinforced sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) composite membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
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- SiO2 ceramic nanoporous substrate-reinforced sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) composite membranes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
- Seol, Jong-Heon; Won, Ji-Hye; Yoon, Kyung-Suk; Hong, Young Taik; Lee, Sang-Young
- poly(paraphenylene terephthalamide) nonwoven; Proton conductivity; Proton exchange membrane fuel cells; Reinforced composite membranes; SiO 2 ceramic nanoporous substrates; Sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone)
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.37, no.7, pp.6189 - 6198
- Porous substrate-reinforced composite membranes have been extensively investigated due to their promising application to proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). In this study, we develop a new ceramic-based reinforcing porous substrate, which consists of hygroscopic silica (SiO2) nanoparticles interconnected by 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS)-based silicate binders and a poly(paraphenylene terephthalamide) (PPTA) nonwoven support. This unusual ceramic substrate is featured with the strong mechanical strength, well-developed nanoporous structure (i.e., nanosized interstitial voids formed between the close-packed SiO2 nanoparticles), high hydrophilicity, and more notably, good water retention capability. The nanostructured pores of the ceramic substrate are subsequently impregnated with sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) (SPAES, degree of sulfonation = 49.3%). In comparison to a pristine SPAES membrane, the ceramic substrate-reinforced SPAES composite membrane offers the significantly improved dimensional change and also effectively mitigates the steep decline of proton conductivity at low humidity conditions, which is further discussed by considering the state of water in the reinforced composite membrane.
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