Thermal and mechanical properties of modified CaCO3 filled poly (ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposites
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- Thermal and mechanical properties of modified CaCO3 filled poly (ethylene terephthalate) nanocomposites
- Lee, Chang Soo; Yoon, Kwan Han; Park, Jae Cheol; Kim, Hong-Un; Park, Young-Bin
- Issue Date
- KOREAN FIBER SOC
- FIBERS AND POLYMERS, v.15, no.7, pp.1493 - 1499
- Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)/CaCO3 and PET/modified-CaCO3 (m-CaCO3) nanocomposites were prepared by melt blending. The morphology indicated that m-CaCO3 produced by reacting sodium oxalate and calcium chloride, was well dispersed in PET matrix and showed good interfacial interaction with PET compared to CaCO3. No significant differences in the thermal properties such as, glass transition, melting and degradation temperatures, of the nanocomposites were observed. The thermal shrinkage of PET at 120 °C was 10.8 %, while those of PET/CaCO3 and PET/m-CaCO3 nanocomposites were 2.9-5.2 % and 1.2-2.8 %, respectively depending on filler content. The tensile strength of PET/CaCO3 nanocomposite decreased with CaCO3 loading, whereas that of PET/m-CaCO3 nanocomposites at 0.5 wt% loading showed a 17 % improvement as compared to neat PET. The storage modulus at 120 °C increased from 1660 MPa for PET to 2350 MPa for PET/CaCO3 nanocomposite at 3 wt% loading, and 3230 MPa for PET/m-CaCO3 nanocomposite at 1 wt% loadin
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