Improved syntheses of poly(oxy-1,3-phenylenecarbonyl-1,4-phenylene) and related poly(ether-ketones) using polyphosphoric acid/P2O5 as polymerization medium
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- Improved syntheses of poly(oxy-1,3-phenylenecarbonyl-1,4-phenylene) and related poly(ether-ketones) using polyphosphoric acid/P2O5 as polymerization medium
- Baek, Jong-Beom; Tan, LS
- AB monomer; Poly(ether-ketones); Poly(phosphoric acid)
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- POLYMER, v.44, no.15, pp.4135 - 4147
- Based on the model-compound studies, the composition of polyphosphoric acid (PPA)/P2O5 mixture as an effective catalytic/dehydrative medium for the preparation of poly(ether-ketones) was optimized. Thus, with the optimal weight ratio of 4:1 (PPA: P2O5), the electrophilic substitution polycondensation of 3-phenoxybenzoic acid and related AB monomers was substantially promoted at 130 °C to yield the subject polymer abbreviated as mPEK and related poly(ether-ketones) with significantly higher molecular weights. In the cases where the polymerization systems were completely homogeneous, the ensuing polycondensation was rapid and yielded high molecular weight polymers (e.g. mPEK [η] = 2.10 dl/g) at 130 °C within 30 min., as compared to PPMA (phosphorus pentoxide/methanesulfonic acid) method which gave only moderate molecular weight polymers, e.g. mPEK ([η] = 0.64 dl/g). In some cases, where the monomers and PPA/P2O5 were not fully compatible, polycondensation did proceed and reasonable molecular weight range ([η] = 0.69-0.76 dl/g) could be achieved. However, the complete incompatibility between the poly(ether-sulfone) and PPA/P2O5 medium precluded the successful polymerization of 4-phenoxybenzenesulfonic acid.
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