Relaxation of externally strained halide perovskite thin layers with neutral ligands
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- Relaxation of externally strained halide perovskite thin layers with neutral ligands
- Min, Hanul; Ji, Sang-Geun; Seok, Sang Il
- Issue Date
- CELL PRESS
- JOULE, v.6, no.9, pp.2175 - 2185
- The preferred orientation (PO) and non-uniform strain of the perov-skite layer coated on the substrate can cause unwanted blue shifts in the band gap and several defects inside and on the grain bound-aries. Therefore, suppressing the anisotropic preferred growth of halide perovskite crystals while satisfying the trap passivation of grain boundaries is important to the fabrication of efficient and sta-ble perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this study, the properties of spin-coated perovskite thin films were investigated by adding an appropriate amount of trioctylphosphine (TOP) as a neutral ligand to a formamidinium lead triiodide (FAPbI3) precursor solution. The TOP in the FAPbI3 precursor solution containing MACl significantly alleviated the PO by MACl and further induced a redshift of the band gap through the reduction of microstrain. Furthermore, TOP contributed to the passivation of defects via the surface termination of grain boundaries. PSCs based on these perovskite thin films ex-hibited an efficiency close to 25%.
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