Fabrication of Salvinia-inspired surfaces for hydrodynamic drag reduction by capillary-force-induced clustering
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- Fabrication of Salvinia-inspired surfaces for hydrodynamic drag reduction by capillary-force-induced clustering
- Kim, Minsu; Yoo, Seunghoon; Jeong, Hoon Eui; Kwak, Moon Kyu
- Issue Date
- NATURE PORTFOLIO
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.13, no.1, pp.5181
- For decades, bioinspired functional materials have been attracting the interest of many researchers for their remarkable characteristics. In particular, some plant leaves are well known for their inherent superhydrophobic nature. Salvinia molesta, a free-floating aquatic fern, has egg-beater-shaped hierarchical trichomes on its surface of leaves. Due to the unique structure and complex wettability of the hairs, this plant has the ability to maintain a stable thick air layer upon the structure when it is submerged underwater. Often referred to as the "Salvinia Effect," this property is expected to be suitable for use in hydrodynamic drag reduction. However, due to the complex shape of the trichome, currently applied fabrication methods are using a three-dimensional printing system, which is not applicable to mass production because of its severely limited productivity. In this work, artificial Salvinia leaf inspired by S. molesta was fabricated using a conventional soft lithography method assisted with capillary-force-induced clustering of micropillar array. The fabrication method suggested in this work proposes a promising strategy for the manufacturing of Salvinia-inspired hydrodynamic drag reduction surfaces. Salvinia molesta plant has the ability to maintain a stable air layer when submerged underwater due to its specific form. The authors propose here a soft lithography fabrication method of artificial Salvinia leaf assisted with capillary-force induced clustering of micropillar array, for hydrodynamic drag reduction.
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