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Kim, Jae Joon
Circuits & Systems Design Lab.
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Ultra-stretchable yet tough, healable, and biodegradable triboelectric devices with microstructured and ionically crosslinked biogel

Ghosh, Sujoy KumarKim, Minsoo P.Na, SangyunLee, YoungsuPark, JonghwaCho, SeungseCho, JeonghoonKim, Jae JoonKo, Hyunhyub
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NANO ENERGY, v.100, pp.107438
To reduce the environmental impact of non-biodegradable electronic waste, developing sustainable technology with biomass-derived biodegradable materials are essential. However, the insufficient mechanical and electrical performances of the conventional biodegradable materials with planar structures often limit their use in bioelectronics. Here, we develop a high-performance ionic biogel device based on three-dimensional (3D) microstructured design of completely healable yet fully biodegradable biogel by using ionically cross-linked biomass resource, gelatin. The stress-absorbing geometry of 3D microstructure improves the mechanical resilience and facilitates highly elastic (similar to 4000%), notch-tolerable and extremely tough (similar to 10,998 J/m(2)) ionic biogels. In addition, the interlocked feature of 3D architecture provides the ionic diode characteristics of the biogel that enhances the triboelectric energy harvesting capability from external stimuli of pressure and temperature, even under an extreme stretching condition. Our triboelectric nanogenerator based on 3D ionic biogels exhibits excellent power output (similar to 325 mW/m(2)), superior energy conversion efficiency (similar to 70.7%) and high-resolution mechano- (similar to 9 Pa) as well as thermo- (similar to 0.03 K) transduction functionalities with long-term stability. The 3D ionic biogel recovers its original electrical properties even after mechanical damage through self-healing. For proof-of-concept demonstrations, the gelatin biogel serve in soft and conformable electronic skins to monitor low-frequency vital signs and high-frequency acoustic waves, for haptic perception of surface textures, and in robotic tactile skins, providing a new benchmark as a clean and green technology for soft bio-electronic devices with zero waste.
Keyword (Author)
StretchableToughSelf-healingBiodegradableGelatinTriboelectric nanogeneratorIonic diode


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