Structural comparison of Langmuir-Blodgett and spin-coated films of poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) by external reflection FTIR spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation analysis
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- Structural comparison of Langmuir-Blodgett and spin-coated films of poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) by external reflection FTIR spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation analysis
- Shin, Hyeon Suk; Jung, YM; Lee, J; Chang, T; Ozaki, Y; Kim, SB
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- LANGMUIR, v.18, no.14, pp.5523 - 5528
- The structures of Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) and spin-coated films of poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) (PtBMA) were investigated by means of external reflection Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation analysis. In addition, the structural relaxation of the films during heating was studied. At room temperature, the intensity ratio of the band at 1728 cm(-1) (assigned to the C=O stretching mode) and the band at 1147 cm(-1) (assigned to the C-O stretching modes of the tert-butoxy group) in the external reflection infrared spectrum of the LB film was greater than that in the spectrum of the spin-coated film. However, the values of this intensity ratio for the LB and spin-coated films converged with increasing temperature. The results suggest that the structural difference between the two types of film is primarily due to strain in the tert-butoxy group in the LB film. The same trend was observed in the intensity ratio of the bands at 1255 and 1274 cm(-1) assigned to the C-C-O stretching mode. Two-dimensional (2D) correlation analysis was applied to the external reflection FTIR spectral data of the LB and spin-coated films of PtBMA to analyze the relaxation of the films during heating. In the synchronous spectra of both film types, the strongest autopeak corresponded to the C-O stretching mode, appearing at 1151 and 1168 cm(-1) for the LB and spin-coated films, respectively. This suggests that the conformation of the tert-butoxy group changes significantly with increasing temperature. The intensity of the autopeak at 1151 cm(-1) in the synchronous 2D spectrum of the LB film is much higher than the intensities of the other autopeaks, indicating that the C-O group in the LB film undergoes mainly local reorientation, which in turn indicates that the tert-butoxy group is greatly strained in the room-temperature LB film. On the other hand, the tert-butoxy group of the spin-coated film is less strained than that of the LB film because the intensity of the autopeak at 1168 cm(-1) in the synchronous 2D spectrum of the spin-coated film is slightly higher than the intensities of the other autopeaks. Furthermore, the analysis of the signs of asynchronous cross-peaks revealed that the following sequence of spectral changes is induced as the temperature increases; 1131 (bending of C-bb-C-O and C-bb-C=O) --> [1393 (CH3 bending of alpha-methyl), 1151 (C-O stretching)] cm(-1) and 1133 --> 1393 --> 1168 (C-O stretching) cm(-1) for the LB and spin-coated films, respectively. This suggests that in both film types the first event is associated with reorientation in both the chain backbone and the side chain. During heating, the alpha-methyl group relaxes along with the C-O bond in the LB film but prior to the C-O bond in the spin-coated film.
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