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Lee, Jae Sung
Eco-friendly Catalysis and Energy Lab
Research Interests
  • Photocatalytic water splitting, artificial photosynthesis, fuel cells, heterogeneous catalysis

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Microwave-assisted metal-ion attachment for ex-situ zirconium doping into hematite for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting

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Title
Microwave-assisted metal-ion attachment for ex-situ zirconium doping into hematite for enhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting
Author
Dhandole, Love KumarAnushkkaran, PeriyasamyHwang, Jun BeomChae, Weon-SikKumar, ManishLee, Hyun-HwiChoi, Sun HeeJang, Jum SukLee, Jae Sung
Issue Date
2022-04
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
RENEWABLE ENERGY, v.189, pp.694 - 703
Abstract
Ex-situ doping into hematite films is carried out via a short-duration (-60 s) microwave-assisted metalions attachment (MWMA) of tetravalent Zr4 thorn ion on the surface of FeOOH/FTO, followed by high temperature annealing (HTA) to fabricate Zr4 thorn :Fe2O3/FTO photoanode for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. Compared to a simple dipping attachment without microwave irradiation, this MWMA allows a much larger amount of attached Zr4 thorn -ions on the FeOOH precursor, leading to a properly doped photoanode of much higher PEC activity. The primary effect of Zr4 thorn doping is to improve the charge transport characteristics in the bulk of hematite. In addition, it also boosts charge injection efficiency at the semiconductor and electrolyte interface by forming an inadvertent passivation layer and promoting hole transfer via surface states. As a result, the Zr4 thorn :Fe2O3/FTO photoanode shows a higher photocurrent density of 1.54 mA cm-2 at 1.23 VRHE under 1 Sun irradiation relative to undoped Fe2O3/FTO (1.02 mA cm-2) or Zr4 thorn :Fe2O3/FTO (1.19 mA cm-2) prepared without MWMA. (c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/58692
DOI
10.1016/j.renene.2022.03.025
ISSN
0960-1481
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